Great.—Not “greatest.” The avoidance of the latter word, interpreted by the later teaching of 18:4, would seem to have been deliberate. See Matthew 5:9. The spirit of the law means God's original intent or purpose behind each law. Bava Metzia, fol. Some Bibles title this paragraph, “Jesus Fulfills the Law.”The sense in which many professing Christians use the term “fulfills” is not inspired Scripture. Jesus expresses here in the strongest manner His conviction that the whole O. T. is a Divine revelation, and that therefore every minutest precept has religious … The world does not think of immorality in terms of the Sabbath commandment, nor in terms of breaking the first, the second, the third, or the fourth commandment. One would have to be quite obstinate to believe there is no connection between them. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God . The McFall Theory. Shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven.—The consequence of tampering with the great laws of duty, or the least laws, which are practically great, is described in terms at once severe and gentle; gentle, because the sentence, where the guilt is not wilful, or is repented of, is not one of absolute exclusion from the kingdom; severe in so far as being the “least” in that kingdom, the object of pity or sorrow to others, involved a severe humiliation to those who aimed at being the highest. Nay, they even (m) say, that if a Gentile should bid an Israelite transgress anyone of the commands mentioned in the law, excepting idolatry, adultery, and murder, he may transgress with impunity, provided it is done privately. In Matthew 5:19, Jesus Christ mentions "the least commandment." Jesus is saying, in plain language, that His teaching does not contradict the Old Covenant law, but it is the ultimate fulfillment of its spiritual intent. Transgressing any commandment—even the least of them—can reduce our reward in the Kingdom. Martin G. Collins Matthew places it immediately after Jesus' exhortation, "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works" (Matthew 5:16). but whosoever shall do and teach them—whose principles and teaching go to exalt the authority and honor of God's law, in its lowest as well as highest requirements. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). The fourth commandment is just as much a part of the royal law, the Ten Commandments. Resume Prayer. The Pharisees, by dividing the law into greater and lesser precepts, made no small part of it void by their traditions and divisions, Matthew 23:23; Matthew 15:3-6. To bring the kingdom rule on earth “as it [currently] is in heaven” (Mt 6:10). Commentary on 2 Corinthians 5:1-8 (Read 2 Corinthians 5:1-8) The believer not only is well assured by faith that there is another and a happy life after this is ended, but he has good hope, through grace, of heaven as a dwelling-place, a resting-place, a hiding-place. CHAPTER 5:17-20 TEXT: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, … Matthew 5:19. ὃς ἐὰν οὖν λύσῃ, etc. Jude 1:11. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God. Because of Jesus' insight into the divine purpose behind the Sabbath, He freed the crippled worshipper of his burden. Matthew 5:17-19 The Word of God ... Jesus is the great Prophet, bringing meaning and direction to life. MP3 Audio (5.26 MB) Mr. Greene talks about the meaning of Matthew 5:19 on this day of Pentecost. Here, Jesus was so specific about the continuance of the law from the Old Covenant to the New that He referred to the smallest punctuation and pronunciation marks contained in the written law, the "jot and tittle.". On the other hand, if we are faithful to God's Word and teach it, our reward will be great! 2. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. This is not a commandment that can be just shoved aside; it cannot be taken for granted any more than any of the other nine. If it were not the case, he would not have said: “except for immorality.”. The Lord Jesus had just announced that He did not come to destroy the Law but to fulfil both the Law and the prophetic writings and then He continued to explain that not until heaven and earth pass away will the smallest jot or tiniest tittle of the Law pass - for all things had to be accomplished. Amplified® If one keeps the Sabbath, like the other commandments, it leads to freedom. #4 “Whatever you bind on earth, will be bound in heaven,”. Jesus says that in his kingdom all this vain division and tradition would cease. These are purchased for us by the righteousness of Christ, confirmed by the faithfulness of God. Galatians 3:19 Yet, men ignore this and say that keeping the commandments is no longer necessary. Notice where His statement appears. Jesus expands the scope of sin in the sixth commandment from outright murder to also include a high level of anger in certain situations! To keep God's law properly, we have to learn to recognize the spirit of the law. Matthew 5: 32 and Matthew 19: 9 are important verses in a study of biblical marriage. By the time the author of Matthew recounts the Beatitudes, half of a century had passed since Jesus changed the world in his early thirties. Jesus knew the spirit of the Sabbath commandment. So the reforms that were begun under Ezra were taken to radical extremes by people after he died. To strengthen the argument, He mentions righteousness in verse 20. The true Christian needs both the written letter of the law as well as its spirit to keep it properly. Neither the Pharisees nor most of the people who have lived on this planet have ever grasped God's intent for the Sabbath. Is there a connection between good works and keeping the law? 5. People would be engaged in yielding obedience to all the law of God without any such vain distinctions. Matthew 5:18-19. Matthew : 17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. You see what reason Christ had to express himself in the manner he does, and that with resentment, saying. Yesode Hattorah, c. 9. sect. Men might aim at a positive standard of the greatness of the true teacher and the true worker, but the conscious aim at being “greatest” was self-frustrating. Malachi 3:6 2. Matthew 5:17-20 A Midrash on Torah Observance Last Updated 6/14/00. Matthew 5:18 is the eighteenth verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount. When I pray the Gospels, Jesus is present, helping me to see my best way forward. Sheviith, fol. I.S.V. N.A.S.B. If people keep the eighth commandment, it keeps the world free of stealing. Yebamot, fol. If Catholic Online has given you $5.00 worth of knowledge this year, take a minute to donate. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. 85. Matthew 5:19, ESV: "Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven." This is quite a plateful, but these are qualities that make God's way engaging and an attractive witness. John W. Ritenbaugh Shall break one of these least commandments. By a careful reading of what Jesus says here, we can see that He was not speaking about whether God considers breaking these lesser laws to be sin—He does—but about how our keeping of God's law affects our future position in His Kingdom. Agree with your adversary quickly, while you are on the way with him, lest your adversary deliver you to the judge, the judge hand you over to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. What if our works are good? James : Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. But with God, all things are possible (Mt 19:26). If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. Are Some Sins Worse Than Others? And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. Fulfills, in this case, means “fills to the full,” “fully exemplifies the conduct it covers,” or “expands to its fullest intent.” Consider His subsequent illustrations carefully: You have heard that it was said to those of old, “You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.” But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. Then comes His statement regarding law. Darby If not one jot or tittle, not even the least commandment, is done away until everything is fulfilled, the conclusion has to be that the Sabbath is still in effect—regardless of what men say—and to break it is immoral. He experienced a wonderful and exciting blessing because Jesus understood the spirit of the law. About 200 years before Christ, the Pharisees seem to have arisen as a brotherhood with a sincere desire to resist the secularism into which Judaism had drifted. Matthew 5:18-19 NOTE: This section of Scripture, Matthew 5:17-20, is pivotal to understanding the relationship of Messiah to the Torah, and therefore of the believer to the Torah.Thus, we have given it a section of its own. God's is a law that liberates. But even one who becomes rich by honest trade is in danger of missing the fact of their need for a savior. Jesus has just reported that he came not to destroy the law, but fulfil it.In this verse this claim is reinforced. We have to exceed the letter of the law. In our Father's house there are many mansions, whose Builder and Maker is God. Paul was "a Pharisee of the Pharisees," and he went around throwing people into prison and, indeed, he may have even consented to the martyrdom of Stephen. Therefore, He knew that the split second of divine effort involved in healing was a valid use of time on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:10-12). NASB E-Prime Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. Matthew 5:19 Context. Furthermore, they see it as a contradiction of Jesus' sinlessness (according to His own words, Matthew 5:19) for Him to have taught disobedience to any Torah command, no matter how small. Matthew 5:3 "Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." commandments. the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven—shall, by that providence which watches over the honor of God's moral administration, be raised to the same position of authority and honor to which they exalt the law. A.F.V It can show us, as nothing else can, the essential kindness of our fellow-men; and it can show us as nothing else can the comfort and the compassion of God. Their conclusions, though begun with good intentions, were worldly, and their keeping of the Sabbath, in that way, was just as wrong as the liberal tendencies that most of the world has toward the Sabbath. John W. Ritenbaugh Matthew 5:19. and shall teach men so—referring to the Pharisees and their teaching, as is plain from Mt 5:20, but of course embracing all similar schools and teaching in the Christian Church. New International Version 19 Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (4-6) Jesus’ first answer to the Pharisees: get back to marriage. (Part One). Now we must add James 2:8 to our thinking. Clearly, if people keep the seventh commandment, it keeps the world free from adultery and fornication. Shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5: 32 and Matthew 19: 9, a Study . The New Testament expounds Old Testament principles and laws, and Jesus specifically says He did not come to invalidate them. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. If you donate just $5.00, or whatever you can, Catholic Online could keep thriving for years. 79. Not right doing only, still less right teaching only, but both together, made up the ideal of the preacher’s work. 35. By a careful reading of what Jesus says here, we can see that He was not speaking about whether God considers breaking these lesser laws to be sin—He does—but about how our keeping of God's law affects our future position in His Kingdom. And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came … Shall be called great - He that teaches that all the law of God is binding, and that the whole of it should be obeyed, without attempting to specify what is most important, shall be a teacher worthy of his office, and shall be called great. Should we be baptized in Jesus’ name (Acts 2:38), or in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19)? (h) T. Bab. John W. Ritenbaugh Matthew 19:5, NASB: "and said, ‘FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND HIS MOTHER AND BE JOINED TO HIS WIFE, AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH’?" Compare Psalm 119:6. one of these least commandments—an expression equivalent to "one of the least of these commandments.". those mentioned in the preceding verse, which should make the first verse of this chapter. That honour belonged to him only who was all unconscious that he had any claim to it. One of these least commandments - The Pharisees, it is probable, divided the precepts of the law into lesser and greater, teaching that they who violated the former were guilty of a trivial offence only. Romans 7:6 Default. The same conclusion is true of this commandment and also for each of the others He expands during His Sermon on the Mount. He designed it to be a refreshing rest and an opportunity both to recuperate physically after six days of work and to draw close to Him in love and to worship Him, as well as to deepen love for the brethren through fellowship and outgoing concern. 2) Gospel Reading - Matthew 5:17-19. the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven; he shall be highly esteemed of in the church here, and be honoured hereafter in the world to come. “Blessed” means … Verse 1. In other words, they shall be reduced by the retributive providence that overtakes them, to the same condition of dishonor to which, by their system and their teaching, they have brought down those eternal principles of God's law. Matthew 5:22 is the twenty-second verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.It is the first of what have traditionally been known as the 6 Antitheses.In this one, Jesus compares the current interpretation of "You shall not murder" from the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17) with his own interpretation. The meaning of this passage seems to be this: in the kingdom of heaven, that is, in the kingdom of the Messiah, or in the church which he is about to establish (see the notes at Matthew 3:2), he that breaks the least of these commandments shall be in no esteem, or shall not be regarded as a proper religious teacher. If people keep the ninth commandment, it keeps the world free of deceit. But if salt loses its taste, with what … The Sabbath is a day, the breaking of which is immoral, the keeping of which will produce liberty. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. It produces freedom. The Law's Purpose and Intent. They produced hundreds of laws in a vain attempt to try to keep people from breaking it, but they missed the point altogether. In other words, a person would not be committing adultery by divorcing his spouse and marrying another person if the (ex) spouse had committed adultery. Matthew 19:5, NLT: "And he said, 'This explains why a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife, and the two are united into one.'". Matthew 5:14-16, light of the world 5:14 You are the light of the world. It is just as immoral as adultery or fornication, lust, or lying. '', "it is lawful sometimes to make void the law, and to do that which appears to be forbidden.''. In some cases, we feel almost imprisoned by it. And. The Protestant churches' justification is to argue around it on twisted technical, legal grounds, but they ultimately reduce it to being merely ceremonial in nature. 5. 5 The Pharisees and the experts in the law asked him, “Why do your disciples not live according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with unwashed hands?” 6 He said to them, “Isaiah prophesied correctly about you hypocrites, as it is written: ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. The combination is in this case even more significant than in the other. So, how do preachers preach the Beatitudes now that they sit … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 5:1-20" (4) He begins with the true expounding of the Law, and sets it against the old (but yet false) teachings of the scribes: He is in no way abolishing the least commandment of his Father. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Matthew 5:19: Genesis 1:26-28 Resume Prayer. He that attempted it should be the least of all. 4. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. New Covenant Priesthood (Part Two). The Catholic Church thinks so little of it that it believes it has the authority to disregard it altogether. Sabbathkeeping (Part 1). 3. that they who pretend that there are any laws of God so small that they need not obey them, are unworthy of his kingdom. Beracot, c. 9. sect. In our carnality, human nature tends to make us think that keeping the Sabbath constrains us, holds us in, and keeps us from doing things. Sorrow can do two things for us. (Matthew 5:21-26). The mission of the church is to bring people into the kingdom. Source material for the Gospel of Matthew seems to suggest a date of composition between 80 and 90 CE. Assuredly, I say to you, you will by no means get out of there till you have paid the last penny. Memarim, c. 2. sect. And elsewhere (k) he affirms, "if a prophet, whom we know to be a prophet, should order us , "to transgress anyone of the commands", which are mentioned in the law, or many commands, whether light or heavy, for a time, we are ordered to hearken to him; and so we learn from the former wise men, by tradition, that in everything a prophet shall say to thee , "transgress the words of the law", as Elias on Mount Carmel, hear him, except in the case of idolatry. An essay by British writer Leslie McFall recently generated interest among some Bible students in America. But whoever says, “You fool!” shall be in danger of hell fire. Thus, sandwiched between righteousness and letting one's light shine comes an explanation that He did not come to do away with the law but to fill it to the full, to help us understand its ultimate application—its spiritual intent. In Matthew 5:19, Jesus Christ mentions "the least commandment." He went up into a mountain - That he might have the greater advantage of speaking, so as to be heard by … (k) Hilch. And He answered and said to them, … Using this principle, consider that there can be no doubt that, of all the Ten Commandments held in respect and honor by the people of the world, the Sabbath commandment is the least of the ten. When a religious system has lasted long, and is wearing towards its decline and fall, there are always such men. Being right—in addition to keeping God's commands—means being humble, modest, kindhearted, concerned, sympathetic, empathetic, helpful, warmhearted, friendly, gracious, serving, giving, charitable, open, hospitable, cordial, thoughtful, considerate, sensitive, cooperative, and on and on. Compare all, Pharisee indicates "separatist," one who is separate from others in the world. Matthew 5:19. Compare James 2:10. Psalm 119:172: "All Your commandments are righteousness." 1 Corinthians 2:2 K.J.V. To break one breaks them all, regardless of what level men think each commandment is on. That is the exception laid out by Jesus. Which are to be understood not of the beatitudes in the preceding verses, for these were not delivered by Christ under the form of commandments; nor of any of the peculiar commands of Christ under the Gospel dispensation; but of the precepts of the law, of which some were comparatively lesser than others; and might be said … Pentecost represents the beginning of God writing His Word on our hearts, so that we may do and teach His commandments. Why Hebrews Was Written (Part One), The letter of the law that the Pharisees tried to keep was not enough—especially for us. Amen, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter will pass from the law, until all things have taken place. Matthew 13:52 To that condemnation many in every age of the Church have been liable, the Anthiomian fanatic and the Jesuit casuist standing so far on the same footing. John W. Ritenbaugh God's Involvement in Our Lives Gives us Freedom, Is the Christian Required to Do Works? ((n) T. Bab. Show the volunteers who … For there has been changes: 1) In the priesthood - He 7:11-14 2) In the Law itself - He 7:18-19,22 b. “Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 1. he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven—As the thing spoken of is not the practical breaking, or disobeying, of the law, but annulling or enervating its obligation by a vicious system of interpretation, and teaching others to do the same; so the thing threatened is not exclusion from heaven, and still less the lowest place in it, but a degraded and contemptuous position in the present stage of the kingdom of God. 13 “You are the salt of the earth. (Part One), The Covenants, Grace, and Law (Part Fourteen). The Jews have a saying somewhat like this; "he that lessens himself for the words of the law in this world, , "he shall become great" in the world to come (n),''. 7 They worship me in vain, teaching as doctrine the commandments of men.’ 8 Having no regard for … One must first keep it in the letter before learning how to keep its spirit. And whoever says to his brother, “Raca!” shall be in danger of the council. It helps us to understand what our thinking has to become. Christ teaches that in his kingdom they who make this distinction, or who taught that any laws of God might be violated with impunity, should be called least; while they should be held in high regard who observed all the laws of God without distinction. The Similes of Salt and Light. Quite the opposite, Jesus upholds the principle in His denunciation of the self-righteous Pharisees in Matthew 23:23. To break the fourth commandment makes us just as guilty and worthy of death as breaking any of the others. What is the meaning of those who were raised to life at Jesus’ death (Matthew 27:52-53)? In this case, it does not mean “accomplishes by keeping” or “does away with,” as judged against what He taught in what immediately follows. 2. that all the commands of God should be preached, in their proper place, by Christian ministers. Tithing, however, was not generally questioned at the time; it was not a theological issue like circumcision and the eating of meats sacrificed in an idol's temple. He alleges that the common rendition of Matthew 19:9 reflects a post-apostolic corruption of the Lord’s original instruction. It is obvious that He is connecting good works with lawkeeping. ((i) Hilch. God's law is always a blessing to those who recognize the spirit of the law. 5:15 Neither do you light a lamp, and put it under a measuring basket, but on a stand; and it shines to all who are in the house. Are we supposed to hide them? I have come not to abolish but to fulfill. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. It is the least in terms of the world's regard and respect when compared with the other nine. God's involvement in our lives should give us freedom, as well as security against our fears of living and being this way. (19-20) The disciple’s relationship to the law. The church binds up evil, sin, and the demonic rule on the earth. 4. that true piety has respect to all the commandments of God. Many and many a man in the hour of his sorrow has discovered his fellow-men and his God as he never did before. Is the Christian Required to Do Works? James also refers to the royal law as being the law of liberty. : οὗν pointing to a natural inference from what goes before. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. However, it still has to be right, and being right in this requires personal sacrifices. Such divisions and distinctions would be a small matter. All this made these "separatists" very unattractive witnesses; they were in reality an embodiment of a rejection of God's intention of what a witness should be. A.S.V. Most people donate because Catholic Online is useful. No New Testament passage rescinds the tithing law. See Matthew 23:23. As the Law itself foretold, it has been replaced by a New Law - He 8:6-13 [Though Jesus ultimately fulfilled the Law and the Prophets, at the time He was preaching this sermon they had not been fulfilled. Even in the smallest matter, the smallest statement—the jot and the tittle—the law must be fulfilled. And seeing the multitudes - Τους οχλους, these multitudes, viz. Nevertheless, it is immoral to break the forth commandment. Christ’s view being such as indicated, He must so judge of the setter aside of any laws however small. But they may be reconciled with Matthew 5:17, as above interpreted. the least in the kingdom of heaven; meaning either the church of God, where he shall have neither a name, nor place; he shall not be in the least esteemed, but shall be cast out as a worthless man; or the ultimate state of happiness and glory, in the other world, where he shall not enter, as is said in the next verse; but, on the other hand, whosoever shall do and teach; whose doctrine and conversation, principles and practices agree together; who both teach obedience to the law, and perform it themselves: where again he glances at the masters in Israel, and tacitly reproves them who said, but did not; taught the people what they themselves did not practise; and so were unworthy of the honour, which he that both teaches and does shall have: for. ((l) Bartenora in, Misn. Hence, we learn: 1. that all the law of God is binding on Christians. It cannot be done. Matthew 25:1-12 5:16 Even so, let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven. His teaching shows Him raising the acceptable level of obedience far higher than what people ordinarily considered as satisfactory behavior.

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