The farm features several animals that would have been found in Plymouth Colony, but are very rare in modern times..  The population was 58,271 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. This celebration is known today as the First Thanksgiving, and is still commemorated annually in downtown Plymouth with a parade and a reenactment. Les colons invitèrent le chef Massasoit et quatre-vingt-dix de ses hommes à venir partager leur repas, en guise de remerciement pour l'aide apportée, et afin de sceller une amitié durable, puis conclure enfin un pacte commercial. The town is located roughly 44 miles (71 km) southeast of Boston (it is almost exactly 40 miles (64 km) from Plymouth Rock to the Massachusetts State House) and equidistantly east of Providence, Rhode Island. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The ship was built in Brixham, England in 1956, and sailed to Plymouth across the Atlantic Ocean in 1957 by famous mariner Alan Villiers.  Summers are typically hot and humid, while winters are cold, windy and often snowy. A History of the American People. Clark's Island, a small island in Plymouth Bay, is the only island in Plymouth. Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plymouth_(Massachusetts)&oldid=177441901, Wikipédia:ébauche localité du Massachusetts, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la géographie, Page utilisant le modèle Bases vie publique inactif, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. It is with God's help that we found this corn, for how else could we have done it, without meeting some Indians who might trouble us. He taught the colonists how to farm corn, where and how to catch fish, and other helpful skills for the New World. L'équipage du Mayflower leva l'ancre et aborda la baie de Plymouth, le 17 décembre suivant. March 5, 2018 Violet Caswell Leave a comment. It is the only major healthcare provider in the town. Plymouth Colony was a British colony in Massachusetts in the 17th century and was the first permanent colony in Massachusetts and the first colony in New England. The racial makeup of the town was 93.8% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. About 4.4% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.  Plymouth has surpassed several Massachusetts cities in population, but it is still officially regarded as a town and continues to be governed by a board of selectmen rather than a mayor. Located three miles south of Plymouth Center, Plimoth Patuxet Museums is a living history museum dedicated to telling the history of Plymouth Colony from the perspective of both the Pilgrims and the Native Wampanoag people.  While the University of Massachusetts Boston does not have a campus in Plymouth, it offers some courses at another location in Cordage Park..  Other notable historical sites include the Plimoth Grist Mill, a working replica of an original mill built in 1636 (also officially a part of Plimoth Plantation), as well as the 1640 Richard Sparrow House, the oldest house still standing in Plymouth. Plymouth Rock, granite slab that rests on the coast of Plymouth Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, in Plymouth, Massachusetts, said to be where the Pilgrim Fathers first set foot on December 26, 1620, at what became the colony of New Plymouth, the first permanent European settlement in New England. As of the census of 2010, there were 56,468 people, 21,269 households, and 14,742 families residing in the town; by population it was the largest town in Massachusetts. On average, summer months receive slightly less precipitation than winter months. Plymouth has experienced commercial and industrial success, with the downtown area and North Plymouth each becoming commercial centers and an industrial park opening outside of the town center. 0 Avis . It is the largest municipality in Massachusetts by area. Les survivants ne durent leur salut qu'à l'aide apportée par un autochtone nommé Squanto, envoyé par le chef Massassoit, qui avait une parfaite connaissance de la langue anglaise, pour avoir été retenu en captivité en Angleterre pendant plusieurs années. Plymouth averages about 47.4 inches (120 cm) of rainfall a year. Afin de célébrer la première récolte, à l’automne 1621, William Bradford, devenu entretemps gouverneur de la colonie, décréta trois jours d'action de grâce.  The airport offers scheduled flight services to Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, Boston and New York City. The coldest month is January, with an average high temperature of 38.1 °F (3.4 °C) and an average low of 20.1 °F (−6.6 °C).. While Beth Israel Deaconess – Plymouth Hospital (Jordan Hospital) is the only hospital in Plymouth. Mais les conditions de vie et de travail furent terribles face à l'hiver rigoureux de Nouvelle-Angleterre. Squanto had been kidnapped in 1614 by a settler and sold into slavery in Málaga, Spain. Plymouth Rock became very famous after its identification as the supposed landing site of the Pilgrims, and was subsequently moved to a location in Plymouth Center. There you’ll see the famous Plymouth Rock and visit the Mayflower II. Duane Hamilton Hurd. The town has two institutions of higher learning.  The region was visited twice by European explorers prior to the establishment of Plymouth Colony. There is also a smaller town forest, as well as several parks, recreation areas and beaches. It was a later coincidence that, after an aborted attempt to make the 1620 trans-Atlantic crossing from Southampton, the "Mayflower" finally set sail for America from Plymouth, England. The official website of Plymouth County, Massachusetts; Visit our Plymouth County office at 44 Obery Street, Plymouth, MA 02360 The element Plym is taken from the River Plym along which Sutton traded with its parent settlement of Plympton, but Plympton's name (first recorded as Plymentun in c. 900) is considered to derive from the Old Englishword for 'plum tree', though the local civ… For much of its earlier history, the settlement here was known as Sutton (Sutona in 1086, Suttona in 1201), simply meaning South town. Dans les semaines qui suivirent, le reste de la colonie prit lentement forme. At the edge of the town on Route 80 is Parting Ways, a 94-acre (380,000 m2) site that is notable for containing the remains of four former slaves who fought in the American Revolutionary War and their families. Plymouth faced many difficulties during its first winter, the most notable being the risk of starvation and the lack of suitable shelter. The hospital is a community medical center serving twelve towns in Plymouth and Barnstable counties.  Ellisville Harbor State Park, located in the extreme southern portion of the town, contains a natural beach inside Cape Cod Bay. The highway is north of Manomet and south of Plymouth Center. The park is the smallest park in the Massachusetts state forest and park system, but is also the most heavily visited. It is the oldest municipality in New England and one of the oldest in the United States. The town can be accessed from six exits on the highway, which is more than any other municipality along the Pilgrims Highway.  It is approximately 30 mi (48 km) from Plymouth. It is off the coast of Saquish Neck and has nine summer houses but no year-round inhabitants. Elle fut fondée par des colons anglais du Mayflower en 1620. It consists of several large retail stores and various chain restaurants, and it contains one of the largest designer outlet malls on the South Shore. Retrouvez History of Brockton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 1656-1894 et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Plymouth also features the National Monument to the Forefathers, which was dedicated in 1889. , During the Revolutionary War, the Plymouth County militia was led by Colonel Theophilus Cotton of Plymouth.  They named their settlement "Plimouth" (sometimes spelled "Plimoth") after the major port city in Devon, England from which the Mayflower ultimately sailed. Route 25 goes through a remote section of the town north of Buzzards Bay, but does not have an exit. Retrouvez History of Brockton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 1656-1894 - Scholar's Choice Edition et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. , In the 1800s, Plymouth remained a relatively isolated seacoast town whose livelihood depended on fishing and shipping. : Carte des États-Unis avec le Massachusetts en rouge. 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