Polish advance significantly shortened the Lithuanian–Soviet front line and allowed Lithuania to concentrate its forces for operations in northeastern Lithuania.  The group, initially commanded by Jonas Variakojis, was aided by Joniškėlis' partisans from the north.  That accounted for about ⅔ of the Lithuanian territory.  The first clashes between Polish and Lithuanian soldiers occurred on April 26 and May 8 near Vievis. They saw Baltic states as a barrier or a bridge into Western Europe, where they could join the German and the Hungarian Revolutions.  The Soviets were cornered in a small region around Zarasai. In the occupied territory the Soviets created revolutionary committees and soviets based on structures developed in Russia. Some historians credit this victory for saving Lithuania's independence from the Soviet coup.  It was part of a larger counter-offensive in Latvia. The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty was signed on July 12, 1920.  Lithuanians withstood Red Army advance near Kėdainiai and with German support repelled it.  Polish self-defense units made up of local inhabitants, called Lithuanian and Belarusian Self-Defence, took over the posts. Language; Watch; Edit ; Active discussions This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects: WikiProject Lithuania (Rated B-class, Mid-importance) This article is within the scope of WikiProject Lithuania, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Lithuania on Wikipedia. The capital was Moscow, then and now the capital of Russia.  However, only about half of them were properly trained, armed, and assigned to military units. Mykolas Sleževičius stepped in and organized a new government.  Despite the Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty, Lithuania was very close to being invaded by the Soviets in summer 1920 and being forcibly incorporated into the Soviet state, and only the Polish victory derailed this plan. At first they were organized into the 46th Saxon Volunteer Division.  The Lithuanians maneuvered around the old Russian fortifications, forcing the Red Army to retreat.  Sleževičius government adopted new policy on land reform, which could be summarized in a slogan "land for those who cultivate it. , The lull between Soviet attacks was used to strengthen and organize the army.  He decided to mount offensive in northeastern Lithuania. The Soviets and Lithuanians, separated by the Daugava River, maintained their fronts until the Battle of Daugavpils in January 1920.  The Soviets demanded large war contributions from captured cities and villages. There were minor incidents involving scouts or outpost guards.  The Panevėžys Group began its advance on August 26 and Polish troops moved along the railroad towards Turmantas.  When the Lithuanian government rejected the Polish proposal, Józef Piłsudski decided that further military action was not a solution. , Due to threat from Poland, the front with the Soviets was quiet for more than a month. During World War I, Lithuania was occupied by Germany and made part of Ober Ost.  The Lithuanians together with Poles planned to push for Daugavpils starting August 9, but the plans were delayed until August 23. The initiative was met by a Soviet counterattack and the Lithuanian forces retreated. Eventually Lithuania lost the Vilnius Region during the Żeligowski's Mutiny.  Trying to prevent a direct military conflict, the Allied Supreme Council drew the first demarcation line on June 18, 1919. The Soviets also recruited partisan groups behind the front lines.  Southern Lithuania was a little better protected as Germans retreated from Ukraine through Hrodna. The front somewhat stabilized when Soviet forces were stopped near the Venta River by Latvian and German units (Baltische Landeswehr).  The group, initially commanded by Jonas Variakojis, was aided by Joniškėlis' partisans from the north. Lithuania has since designated January 13 as Freedom Defenders Day, paying tribute to the unarmed civilians who stood against elite Soviet forces in Vilnius.  That changed when Germany lost the war and signed the Compiègne Armistice on November 11, 1918. Dates indicate when the town was taken by Lithuanian forces. Both regiments were initially successful, but the Soviets gathered their forces and stopped the advance. On May 30, Joniškėlis' partisans broke through the Soviet lines and took Rokiškis in Soviet rear; Bolshevik forces, afraid that they could be encircled, left Kupiškis on the night of May 30–31, and Lithuania secured that city on June 1.  On August 26, the Red Army left Vilnius and Lithuanians prepared to defend their borders as they were drawn in the treaty. On December 29, he issued the first mass appeal in four languages calling for volunteers for the Lithuanian Army. In October 1939, the three Baltic Republics were forced to sign “mutual assistance” treaties with the Soviet Union establishing Soviet bases in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania with the stationing of large numbers of Soviet military forces in the three countries. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders.  By the end of December 1918, Bolshevik forces reached eastern Lithuania.  On February 27, the Lithuanian SSR was incorporated into the Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic or Litbel.  On January 5, 1919, Vilnius was taken by the Soviets after a five-day fight with Polish paramilitary platoons led by general Władysław Wejtko.  However, it also meant that a new front line with Poland was open.  Lithuanians retreated, were reinforced by new Lithuanian and Saxon Volunteers, attacked again, and took Jieznas on February 13.  The 18th Regiment fought alongside Lithuanians; the 19th Regiment guarded Kaunas area and did not participate in battle; the 20th Regiment was stationed in Hrodna and then in Kėdainiai; the separate battalion joined the Bermontians.  Also, Germans slowed down withdrawal of their troops after the Spartacist uprising was subdued on January 12. The offensive followed retreating German troops with intentions to establish Soviet republics in Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland and link up with the German Revolution. In March 2019, Lithuania sentenced 67 Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian citizens for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed that night. Lithuania reclaimed its national independence as a constitutional republic in 1918, as the First World War was coming to an end, along with the other Baltic Republics of Estonia and Latvia. 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