The term polyandry comes from the Greek polýs (many) and Andros (man), and refers to the females of the animal kingdom that copulate with more than one male to ensure viable and fertile offspring.. Polyandry is one of the main three types of mating in the animal world, along with monogamy and polygyny (in the latter a male copulates with many females) which Darwin described in the 19th … poly, many; gyny, female) is the association of one male with many females.The most common mating system in mammals, it is found in a few birds, insects, and other animals. Polygamy is totally acceptable. Julie K. Desjardins, John L. Fitzpatrick, Kelly A. Stiver, Glen J. In polygyny relationships in animals, the female is the one who provides most of the parental care for the offspring. Polygamous Bird Relationships . (2) It brings economic stability in the family, because both husband and his wives and children earn something for the family. Polygamous behavior is quite widespread among birds but the degree of polygamy can vary greatly. The mating of one female with more than one male while each male mates with only one female is known as polyandry (literally, "many males").It is a rare mating system, occurring in less than one percent of all bird species, and is found mostly in shorebirds. In fact, the Lord encouraged it: Genesis 1:28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”. Comparative evidence shows that female survival and reproductive rates are influenced by group size, as required by the model. Solitary species of insects take part in this practice in order to maximize their reproductive success of the widely dispersed females, such as the bee species Anthidium maculosum . [153] Polygyny in eusocial insects means that some insects living in colonies have not only one queen, but several queens. Monogamy (1 male, 1 female) Polygamy: Polygyny(1 male, >1 female or >1 male, >>1 female) Polyandry: (no need to discriminate b/t on exam, just know that unlike in book, we define in terms of number of males contributing to parental care; polygyny far more common than polyandry) Polygyny (Gr. It is much more common for males to have multiple female partners during the nesting season. Following are the advantages of polygyny: (1) Polygyny checks sexual immorality because the husband gets adequate satisfaction of his sexual urge in the company of number of wives. Oligogyny is a special case of polygyny, in which two to several queens coexist in the same nest but remain well apart from one another (Hölldobler, 1962; Buschinger, 1974a). Polygyny is the possession of multiple queens. Complicating factors not included in the explicit model are considered, and the relationship between the group size model and the Orians-Verner model for polygyny is discussed. Polygyny is the association of one male with multiple females. Van der Kraak, Sigal Balshine Costs and benefits of polygyny in the cichlid Neolamprologus pulcher, Animal Behaviour 75, no.5 5 … In polygyny relationships in animals, the female is the one who provides most of the parental care for the offspring. [151] This mating system is found in a few birds and insects, but is most common in mammals.